Heteromeles arbutifolia

Botanical Name: Heteromeles arbutifolia

Phonetic: het-er-OH-mel-eez ar-bew-tih-FOH-lee-uh

Common Name(s): Toyon, Christmas Berry, California Holly

Family: Rosaceae
Origin: California
Plant Type: Tree, shrub
Persistence: Evergreen

Leaf Type: Simple, oblong
Number of Leaflets:
Leaf Color: Dark green
Fall Color: –
Texture: Medium
Density: Dense
Bloom Season: Summer
Flower Color(s): White

Exposure: Full sun to part shade
USDA: 9-11
Climate Zone(s): 5-9, 14-24
Growth Rate: Medium to fast, 12-24 inches per year              
Height: 15-25 Feet
Spread: 8-15 Feet
Pest/Diseases: Sudden Oak Death, leaf spot, twig die-back, scales, thrip, oak root rot, root rot
Soil: Clay, loam or sand texture

Features: California native, erect with a low canopy, rounded or vase shape, showy flowers, prolific red berries in fall and winter, drought tolerant, attracts wildlife (birds, bees)
Uses: Screen, wildlife gardens, hedge

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