Tilia cordata

Botanical Name: Tilia cordata

Phonetic: TIL-EE-uh kor-DOT-uh

Common Name(s): Little-Leaf Linden

Family: Malvaceae
Origin: Europe, South-western Asia
Plant Type: Tree
Persistence: Deciduous

Leaf Type: Simple, ovate
Number of Leaflets: –
Leaf Color: Shiny dark green
Fall Color: –
Texture: medium
Density: Dense
Bloom Season: June
Flower Color(s): Pale yellow

Exposure: Full sun to part shade
USDA: 3-7
Growth Rate: Medium                     
Height: 50-70 Feet
Spread: 35-50 Feet
Hydrozone: Medium
Pest/Diseases: Verticillium wilt is infrequent but can be fatal, powdery mildew, leaf spots, canker, borers, scale, leaf miner, lace bugs, caterpillars, aphids, Japanese beetles, spider mites,
Soil: Average medium, well-drained soils, moist, fertile well-drained loams

Features: Low maintenance, showy flowers, fragrant flowers, attracts butterflies, showy fruit,  drought tolerant, attracts bees
Uses: Shade tree, street tree, flowering tree

Medicinal Properties:  Linden is an herb that comes from various species of Tilia, or lime tree. It has been used in European folk medicine for centuries to treat a wide range of health problems. Flowers from 2 linden species (Tilia cordata and Tilia platyphyllos) were historically used to soothe nerves and treat health problems associated with anxiety. These flowers were steeped as a tea to relieve anxiety related to indigestion, irregular heartbeat, and vomiting. Today, linden is used in many cough and cold remedies. Active ingredients in linden help promote sweating, which may help treat people with fevers. However, scientific evidence on linden’s effectiveness is lacking. Linden trees are also valued for their wood and charcoal, and for the honey made from their flowers.

(Source: Maryland University, Medical Center, web.)

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