Quercus ilex

Botanical Name: Quercus ilex

Phonetic: Qwer-kus Eye-Licks

Common Name(s): Holly Oak

Family: Fagaceae
Origin: Mediterranean region to the western Himalayas
Plant Type: Tree
Persistence: Evergreen

Leaf Type: Simple, pointed lobes
Fall Color:                               
Leaf Color: Dull green above, white below, intermittent spines on the margins, leathery
Texture: Soft
Density: Dense
Bloom Season: April-May/Spring
Flower Color(s): Yellowish-green/insignificant
Exposure: Full sun to part shade
USDA: 7-10
Climate zone(s): 7-24

Growth Rate: Slow                                             
Height: 30-60 Feet
Spread: 30-60 Feet
Hydrozone: Medium/2
Soil: Well-drained soils with moderate amounts of water
Pest: Armillaria mellea (oak root fungus), Phytophthora spp. (crown rot), Phytophthora ramorum (‘sudden oak death’)
Features: Does not well in wet and cold conditions, low maintenance, drought tolerant, monoecious, acorn,  pointed acorns are round
Use: Shade tree, street tree, ornamental, park tree

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